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Dongying

2014/4/15 10:46:28   source:en.sdfao.gov.cn

  【Overview】Dongying is situated in the center of the Yellow River Delta. Established in 1983, Dongying exercises jurisdiction over two districts - Dongying District and Hekou District, and three counties - Guangrao, Kenli and Lijin. The city covers an area of 8053 square km, and is home to 1.85 million people. It borders Bohai Sea on the east, facing Japan and South Korea across the sea, faces Jing-Jin-Tang Economic Region in the north and Jiaodong Peninsula Economic Area in the south, and is connected to the vast hinterland in the west. Its advantageous location makes the city an important hub in the Bohai Sea Economic Brim, and a significant component in the Shandong Peninsula City Cluster.

  【Culture】Dongying is a piece of ancient land with time-honored history and culture. The culture of this region can be traced back to the periods of the Dawenkou and Longshan Cultures more than 5000 years ago. The Fujia Relic Site in Dongying, where China’s earliest craniotomy was unearthed, is a typical example of the local sub-classification of North Shandong Dawenkou Culture. The salt making relic site of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties reveals that the land of Dongying was already inhabited by human beings more than 3000 years ago. Guangrao County in the south of Dongying was called Le’an in ancient times and was the hinterland of the State of Qi during the Spring and Autumn (770 B.C. - 476 B.C.) and the Warring States (475 B.C. - 221 B.C.) periods, and it is also the birthplace of Sunwu, a famous ancient Chinese military strategist. Within its territory, the Boqin Platform where Duke Huan of the Qi State established alliances with the other dukes has a history of more than 2600 years. Lijin County in north Dongying was established as a county during the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) and was a port for salt transport at the end of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the early period of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

  【Climate】Climate in Dongying falls to the category of Warm Temperate Continental Monsoon Climate, with cold winter and hot summer and four distinct seasons. The average temperature is 12.8℃ and the average annual precipitation amounts to 555.9 mm.

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