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Hometown of Confucius Shandong China

2015/5/4 12:58:16   source:sdchina.com

  The publicity film of "Hometown of Confucius Shandong China".

  An Outline of Shandong

  Geographical Location

  Shandong Province lies on the east coast of China and at the lower reaches of the Yellow River. It borders on the Bohai and the Huanghai seas in the east, and faces the Korean Peninsula and the Japanese Archipelago across a vast stretch of sea. The Yellow River, Chinese Mother River, flows into the sea at the Bohai Bay with an extension over 610 kilometers in the province.

  Area

  With a total land area of 157,100 square kilometers, Shandong Province makes up 1.6% of the territory of China. It is about 700 kilometers long from east to west and the widest distance from south to north is 420 kilometers. The highest peak is Mount Taishan, 1,532.7 meters above the sea level. The lowest land is at the Yellow River delta, only 2 meters above the sea level.

  Population

  The population of Shandong is 94.703 million, the second largest in China. The population density is 603 people per square kilometer.

  Administrative Divisions

  Shandong, the location name as such, can be traced back to the Spring and Autumn Period (722BC~221BC). In the year of 1357, this land was called Shandong Xingsheng, a provincial administrative area of Yuan Dynasty (1206~1368). In 1368, it was delimited as Shandong Buzhengsi, a provincial treasurer authority of Ming Dynasty (1368~1644) with a territory almost the same as today. In 1636, Shandong officially got its name as Shandong Province in Qing Dynasty (1616~1911). There are up to now 17 municipalities including 140 counties, cities and districts under its jurisdiction. The capital of the province is Jinan.

  Resources

  The coastline of Shandong province is over 3,000 kilometers. The offshore area is more than 170,000 square kilometers with 299 islands. Of the 140 kinds of minerals found in the province, 57 kinds are among the top 10 in terms of reserves in China.

  Climate

  Located in a temperate monsoon climatic zone, Shandong has 4 distinctive seasons with an average annual temperature ranging from 11 to 14℃ and an average annual rainfall of 550~950 mm.

  Infrastructure

  Railway

  Shandong has 26 arterial and feeder railways. The two trunk railways of China, Beijing~Shanghai Railway and Beijing~Kowloon Railway run through the province from north to south, Jinan~Qingdao Railway and Yanzhou~Shijiusuo Railway extend from west to east. In 2010, railroad passenger volume reached 60.614 million.

  Highway

  Shandong is well known for its long-mileage and high-grade highways and its expressway mileage, which ranks on the top positions in China, has reached more than 4,285 kilometers.

  Aviation

  Shandong has constructed 8 airports including 4 international ones of Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai and Weihai. These airports now offer over 300 domestic and international air lines and those international routes are to Japan, R.O.Korea, Singapore, Russia and Thailand, etc.

  Port

  There are 26 ports along the Shandong coast, leading the country in term of the port density with an annual handling capacity reaching 860 million tons. As one of the 5 largest ports in China, Qingdao Port’s annual handling capacity of goods in 2010 achieved a breakthrough of 350 million tons, and that of containers exceeded 12 million TEUs.

  Post & Telecommunication

  Shandong’s post and telecommunication have been by and large modernized. The ratio between population and telephones is 100/86.2 both in city and rural area. Currently, there are altogether 61.904 million mobile phone subscribers.

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Sponsor:Information Office of Shandong Provincial People’s Government