中文|한국어|日本語
News Hotline:0531-85876663
点击这里给我发消息
HomeCitiescontent

Zibo

2014/4/15 10:35:42   source:en.sdfao.gov.cn

  Economic Conditions

  【Review】 Zibo is one of the nation's 15 "large cities" approved by the State Council and one of the Shandong Peninsula Economic Open Zone cities. For 18 consecutive years since 1992, Zibo has been ranked in the top 50 cities of comprehensive strength nationwide. In 1995, Zibo ranked No. 15 in the country's prefectural level cities with GDP over 20 billion (not including counties under municipal jurisdiction).In the year 2005, Zibo was shortlisted for national 50 outstanding cities with excellent (hard) Investment environment. The GDP of 2009 is 247.3 billion Yuan, according to comparable price, an increase of 13.2% to the previous year. The added value of primary industry is 8.786 billion Yuan, an increase of 4.9%; the second industry added value 155.428 billion Yuan, up 13.6%; tertiary industry added value 8.3096 billion Yuan, an increase of 13.2%. The proportion of three industries 3.6:62.8:33.6. 100.96 billion Yuan of investment in fixed assets, an increase of 25.0%.

  【Agriculture】Zibo is an important grain and cotton production area. In the year 2009, the output value of farming, forestry, husbandry and fishing is 15.123 billion Yuan, up 6.7%. Total grain output 1.58 million tons, up 5.2%; the total output of cotton 17,700 tons, down 12.1%; the total output of oil 17,600 tons, up 13.9%; the total output of fruit 452,100 tons, an increase of 24.7%; total output of vegetables 2.12 million tons. Major food crops are wheat, corn, followed by millet, sorghum, soybeans, sweet potatoes and so on. Winter wheat mainly distributed in the northern plain and the both sides of Zi River, Xiaofu River and Yi River, with the total output of 704,900 tons. Corn distributed all over the city with the total output of 872,500 tons. Cash crops are mainly cotton, tobacco, fuel and others. Zibo is an important vegetable production base in the province. Gaoqing County won the title of "hometown of Watermelon in China "; Linzi District won the title of "hometown of tomatoes in china"; Yiyuan County chayote production base ranked among the comparatively large national production base. The total qualified forestation area of 7733 hectares and forest coverage reached 27.4%. Forestry output value is 968 million Yuan. 9 larger forest farms cover total area of 13,000 hectares. Fruit tree species are mainly apple, pear, apricot, peach, hawthorn, grape, chestnut, walnut, persimmon, plums and so on. For animal husbandry, livestock and poultry breeding stock in 2009 is 526,000 pigs, 109,600 cattle, 415,700 sheep, and 11,440,000 poultry. The total output of meat is 129,300 tons; total output of poultry and eggs is 83,900 tons; total output of milk is 115,900 tons. The animal husbandry output value of the whole city is 3.5 billion. Aquaculture area is 5158 hectares and the total output of aquatic products is 29.1 thousand tons, achieving fishery output value 301 million Yuan.

  【Industry】Zibo is the important national and provincial industrial base. Major industrial categories are 35, such as petroleum chemical industry, medicine, building materials, metallurgy, electric power, machinery, coal, ceramics, textile, silk and plastic. There are 2930 industrial enterprises over designed size in 2009, realized 143.31 billion Yuan of industrial added value. Major industry categories: 1 / Coal Industry: Zibo coal mining has a long history. Coal mining was already well known for the Ming and Qing times, Germany and Japan had carried predatory exploitation here. Zibo Mining Bureau established in 1953 after the founding of P.R.C. After the 1970s, Zibo coal resources are depleting with an annual output of more than 343 million tons. 2 / Metallurgical Industry: mainly of mining, steel, alumina and refractoriness. Jinling and Heiwang, the two bid mine iron ores produce nearly 700,000 tons of iron annually. Zhangdian Steel Plant produces 968,800 tons of steel annually. Shandong Aluminum Industry Company is the nation's first alumina plant with aluminum annual output of 1.955 million tons, accounting for 1 / 3 of the national output. Annual output of various refractory products is 2.38 million tons, accounting for 2 / 3 of the provincial output. 3 / Petrochemical Industry: the new industry developed since the late 60's after the founding of P.R.C. Qilu Petrochemical Company is the domestic large petrochemical company, has more than 90 sets of large petrochemical process units, which can produce more than 120 kinds of petrochemical products, with the annual volume of goods more than 1,000 tons. Annual crude oil processing capacity is 10 million tons. Annual production capacity is 800,000 tons of ethylene, 210,000 tons of synthetic rubber, plastic 1.11 million tons, 520,000 tons of caustic soda, 320,000 tons of butyl alcohol, acrylic 60,000 tons. 4 / Power Industry: Just before liberation, there are merely Boshan Shentou, Zichuan Hongshan and other small power plants. After the founding of P.R.C., Zhangdian Nanding, Boshan Baiyang River, Xindian Huaneng and other big-and-middle-sized heat –engine plants were established successively, power industry developed rapidly. Zibo Electric Power Bureau is the province's largest power grid, and ranked top 10 of power companies nationwide with the annual power supply of 8.51 million KVA.5 / Mechanical Industry: mainly includes motor, water pump, corundum products, petroleum machinery, medical instruments, mining machinery, and chemical machinery, forging machinery, automobile and accessories industries. Motor industry is one of the four national biggest production bases, medium and small motor output ranks first in the country. Zibo Traction Motor Company is the nation’s earliest manufacturer of traction motor, and output ranks second in the country, production of variety of pumps accounting for a half of the province. The IS single stage pump produced by Boshan Pump Company won the only gold medal award of country, 2X-4, 2X-8, 2X-30A type rotary vane pump produced by Zibo Vacuum Equipment Plant won the national silver medals. Taishan Abrasive Co., Ltd. is one of the four biggest key enterprises of grinding wheel, corundum product output accounts for about 1 / 3. 6 / Chemical Pharmaceutical Industry: mainly acid, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, fertilizers, organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals and other industries. Shandong Xinhua Pharmaceutical Factory was one of the four largest pharmaceutical plants of the nation, the annual production of antipyretic and analgesic accounting for 1 / 3 of the country, annual production of various medical chemicals 15,000 tons. Shandong Pesticide Industrial Co., Ltd. is the largest pesticide producers in the province with an annual output of pesticides 1 million tons.7 / Building Materials Industry: a pillar industry in Zibo. With cement, construction ceramics and plate glass as the main body, building materials industry includes metal doors and windows, special ceramics, waterproof thermal insulation material, cement products, new building materials and others, totally more than 10 categories. Zibo is one of the country's three major production bases of building ceramics, and produce glazed tiles, floor tiles, outer wall more than 800 million square meters per year. Annual output of cement is more than 1760 tons. Annual Output of plate glass is 19.53 million weight cases. Zibo is one of the five major ceramic industrial bases. Household ceramics, art ceramics, industrial ceramics, garden ceramics, special ceramics and others can be mass produced. Developed Lu Yu porcelain, high-quality quartz porcelain, bone china, talc porcelain, color porcelain and other ceramics for daily use won many awards in the national competition, of which Lu Yu porcelain, high-quality quartz porcelain and others were selected as the State Porcelain and was called "Zibo ceramic, Top crafts" in the title. In particular, unique carved porcelain crafts have been sent to many international friends as a national gift-giving, and are much appreciated at home and abroad. Giant ceramic vase produced by Huaguang Ceramics Group with 99 sculptured dragons is 3.6 meters high, 0.6 meters in diameter, and now is displayed in Beijing's Great Hall. The annual production of domestic ceramics is more than 500 million pieces. Zibo glass handicraft production has a long history. It’s been the national feeder and glass production center since Ming and Qing Dynasties. It mainly produces glass flower balls, inside painting pots and carvings now. Inside painting snuff bottle is called "Shandong Painting" by the International Association and stirs a sensation in Europe and America. 8/ Textile and other Light Industries: Zibo is one of the 12 silk production bases for export. The textile mianly includes chemical fiber, cotton, woolen, and garment,etc. The light industries mainly include papermaking, brewing, lamp bulb, printing, bicycle, furniture, household appliances and leatherworking, etc. 9/Electronic industry: Zibo’s electronic industry started from the ends of 1960s and has already formed five categories: consumer products represented by TV set; communications products represented by telephone set, communication cable, video cable; complete machine products for electronic appliance represented by petricaction analytic instrument, electronic medical instrument, vehicle Testing instrument, and electricity supervisory control instrument; basic component products represented by quartz crystal component, electric resistance, electric capacity, inductance, diode, triode and so on; electronic materials products represented by Ga-semiconductor compound material, quartz crystal material. 10/Plastic Industry Zibo’s plastic industry started from the ends of 1950s and now a fairly comprehensive industrial system with various kinds has been formed. The production of agricultural products, industrial packaging products, building materials products, engineering plastic and industrial accessories products and daily necessities products makes Zibo an influential plastic industry base among the nation.

  【Transportation】Zibo is the intersction point of the railways and highways and an important transport hub. The Jiaoji railway runs east-west;in the south, the Xintai railway runs through the mountain area of the mid-Shandong and connects Jinghu railway, Ziba railway connecting the southern part of downtown area; in the north, there are Zidong railway reaching Shengli Oilfield. All these arteries and the sub-lines make up the railway cross-shaped network with Zhangdian as its center. The length of railway is 558 kilometers and the number of various stations is 36 and the railway density ranks first in Shandong province.Jiqing expressway goes through urban area east and west and the 309 National Highway and 205 National Highway intersect at Zhangdian and there are 15 arterial road connecting the different areas of province. In 2009, the length of highways in operation is 10194 kilometers and the highway transportation is 291.52 million person, up 19.1% over the previous year. Highway passenger transport is 6525.83 million passenger-km, down 15.89% over the previous year. Highway freight is 210.76 million tons, up 59.43% over the previous year;freight transport is 12207.81 million ton-km, up 38.55% over the previous year.

  【Trade and Business】Zibo is the commodity collection and distribution center and the trade center in the mid-Shandong. Since “the Eighth Five-Year Plan”, the following trading establishments had been built: the large-scale and strong-influential specialized markets and markets for production goods like Zichuan Clothes City, Zhoucun Texile Superstore, Qilu Chemicals Mall, Boshan Ceramics and Glass Showplace,Yiwu Small Commodities Market, Haisheng Aquatic Products Markets and commodity network with the building area over 10 thousand like Zibo Commercial Building, Silver Plaza, and Liqun Commercial Building. In 2009, the total volume of retail sales of the social consumer goods was 86.878 billion yuan, an increase of 19.1% over the previous year; gross value of imports and exports was 4.84 billion US dollars, an decrease of 21.3% over the previous year , of which the the total export was 3.06 billion US dollars, an decrease of 15.7% over the previous year. In 2009, the number of projects approved to use the foreign investment was 36; the number of contractual foreign investment is 426.46 million dollars and actual utilized foreign investment 387.59 million dollars.

  【Tourism】Zibo is one of the five major tourist areas of shandong province. Zibo has opened up more than 100 sites. In the eastern Qi culture tourism area, there are over 10 sites like the capital of ancient state of Qi; in the southern natural landscape area, there are nearly one hundred sites of mountains and lakes and rivers and the Karst Caves; in the northern lake areas,there are Mata Lake, Dalu Lake and Aili Lake; the west is the overland port area;in the central area, there are the former residences of Zhao Zhixin, Pu Songling and Wang Yuyang.

  The number of star-rated hotels is 35, of which the number of five-star hotel is 2, four stars 5. The number of A-level famous scenic sites is 23, of which 4A is 5 and 3A 10. In recent years, Zibo has opened special travel lines, such as seeking antique travel to the Qi culture, trackway travel to the former residence of Pu Songling, the travel of tracing the beginnig of the Qi Great Wall, unique folk customs travel in the Mata Lake, the adventure travel in the Yiyuan Man Cave and shopping trip of ceramics and glass. In 2009, Zibo hosted visitors home and abroad 20569.8 thousand person-times, an increase of 24.62% over the previous year; and the domestic tourism revenue is 15.811 billian yuan.

  Cultural Undertakings

  【Technology】In 1987, Zibo took the lead in putting forward the strategy of invigorating the city through science and technology. In 1992, Zibo was listed as one of the first pilot cities of the nation that invigorate the citis through technology and was among the experimental cities of Shandong province; High-tech Industrial Development Zone was listed national-level development zone. In 1993, spark technology concertrated area passed the check and acceptance of National Science Council and was formally opened, which took the lead among all the municipal cities; in 2002, Zibo was approved as comprehensive base involved in transformation and industrialization of new materials achievement. All the five districts and three counties had been realized the districts (counties) of national advanced scientific and technological work and the first to reach the goal of all the districts (counties) realizing the advanced scientific and technological work.

  In 1995, on the National Working Conference on Science and Education, Zibo won the title of advanced cities because of the sixth place by an overall index score in evitalizing the city through science and education. Zibo is now among the top fifty cities in terms of comprehensive innovativestrength and is alsolisted as national IPR demonstration city. Zibo has 408 high-tech enterprises and 40 State key Torch Program enterprises. In 2009, a total of 149 important scientific and technological achievements programs had been achieved, of which 41 reached the international advanced level and 1408 had been granted the national patent.

  【Education】Zibo strides forward in the reform of education. In 1995,Zibo led off in Shandong province to realize "two basics". In 2001,Zibo was entitled the advanced unit in the "two basics" work by Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance and State Planning Commission; Zibo has been identified as the provincial pilot city in the education comprehensive reform, municipal contact city in education reform in the urban and rural areas, and national experimental city in Continuing Education of Primary and Secondary Teachers and national experimental city in information and technology education of Primary and Secondary Schools. In 2009, the city had eight universities and colleges and the number of students in school was more than 100,600. The number of secondary vocational schools is 30 and the students in school 38.5 thousand; general secondary school 208, students 293.6 thousand; primary school 380, students in school 234.9 thousand. The enrollment rate of school-age children is 100% and the rate of primary school graduates entering middle schools reached 100%. There are 10 special education schools with the students 1380 persons and the enrollment rate is up to 90%. The city has built 141 provincial standardized schools, accounting for 23.8% of the total schools in Zibo.

  【Culture and Art】In 1995, Zibo was granted as " National Cultural Model City" by the Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Personnel. In 2010, the number of various cultural institutions is 171, of which 16 are theater and cinema, 8 cultural centers, 9 museums and cultural protection and management institutions, 9 public libraries, 3 arts performing organizations. There are 1.16 million collection books and 37,614 cultural relics collection. There are 4 radio stations with broadcast coverage 93.88% and 12 television and cable stations with television coverage 89.36%. The launch time of city's wireless broadcast is 18,491 hours and 20 minutes and television transmission 19,383 hours 36 minutes and all of which are broadcasted safely and excellently. "Zibo Daily", "Zibo Evening News," "Zibo Voice Panel Report" has more and more features. Outstanding achievements have scored in artistic creation. 60 kind of books was edited and published with 10.067 thousand words and 1,080 thousand books.

  【Health】In 1992 the nation’s first joint venture hospital Wanjie Hospital was established in Bashan Village, Boshan and it was the first to introduce gamma knife. In 1995,Zibo was named the National Hygienic City by the National Patriotic Health Campaign Committee. Zibo Maternal and Child Health Hospital passed through the national check of the "The Third Class Grade A Maternal and Child Health Hospital" and it ranked the first in Shandong province and the fifth among the whole nation. In 2009, there are 1268 health care organizations and 18650 beds, 26934 health professionals.

  【Sports】 Zibo is the national major table tennis city and national swimming town named by National Sports Commission. In 2004 FIFA announced that Linzi is the birthplace of the world's football. In the 2004 and 2008 Olympics, athletes Du Li from Zibo won Olympic gold medals in shooting twice, ending Zibo’s history of no Olympics gold medal. Zibo Sports Center Stadium, completed in recent years, can undertake international single sports competitions and national comprehensive sporting events. In 2010, the 22nd Shandong Provincial Games will be held in Zibo.

 [1][2]

Related Stories

Photos

Sponsor:Information Office of Shandong Provincial People’s Government