中文|한국어|日本語
News Hotline:0531-85876663
点击这里给我发消息
HomeCitiescontent

Qingdao

2014/4/15 10:27:46   source:en.sdfao.gov.cn

  Economy & Development

  In the sixty years since the founding of PRC, especially over the past three decades since the beginning of the reform and opening up, with the state’s rapid development and national revival, Qingdao people have pioneered a brand-new age from backwardness to progress and from poverty to richness by their diligence and wisdom, and made Qingdao form bright characteristics of port, open, brand, tourist, marine science and technology and Olympic city. In recent years, centering on building a wealthy, civilized and harmonious modern international city, Qingdao has quickened the pace of promoting the strategy of “protection along the bay, development around the bay” and the building of blue economic zones and high-end industry clusters, and made great efforts to build advanced manufacturing industrial base, hi-tech industrial base, modern service industrial base, regional economic center, Northeast Asia international shipping center and national marine research center.

  In 2009, Qingdao’s GDP reached 489 billion yuan, up 12.2% over the previous year; it has maintained double-digit growth for the past 13 years. Three-industry structure was adjusted to 4.7:50.1:45.2 from 5.1:50.8:44.1 in the previous year. Total financial revenue was 146.4 billion yuan, up 16.9%; general budget revenue of local government totaled 37.7 billion yuan, up 10.1%; general budget expenditure of local government totaled 43.4 billion yuan, up 17.4%. Fixed assets investment above the designated scale was 245.9 billion yuan, up 25.3%. The per-capita disposable income of urban residents and the per-capita net income of rural people increased by 9.3% and 8.7% respectively to 22,368 yuan and 9,249 yuan. Customer price rose by 0.5%; house selling price rose by 0.3%; registered unemployment rate in cities and towns was 2.81%. Qingdao’s GDP stably ranked among the top ten places among cities of mainland China, and its five county-level cities ranked among China’s top 100 counties in terms of overall economic strength.

  With rich agricultural resources, Qingdao abounds with grain, peanut, fruits, animal products and aquatic products; it is also the northernmost tea-planting base in China. Since 2004, Qingdao has planed and constructed four “One Million-Mu Demonstration Zones (1 mu=1/15 hectare)” of quality grain, vegetables, peanut and fruit tea. In 2009, grain output reached 3.54 million tons and per unit area yield reached 6,688 kilograms/hectare, the highest levels in history; the output of peanut, fruit, vegetables (not including fruited melon) was 470 thousand tons, 820 thousand tons and 5.68 million tons respectively. The output of meet, eggs and dairy products was 1.1 million tons, and the output of aquatic products was also 1.1 million tons. The export of vegetables, poultry and aquatic products has ranked first in cities of mainland China for many years. The coverage rate of improved varieties of main crops is 99%; the coverage rate of improved varieties of main livestock and poultry is 95%; the agricultural comprehensive mechanization level is 79%; there are more than 2,500 agricultural product processing enterprises and the annual processing capacity is nearly 9 million tons.

  With strong and solid industry foundation, Qingdao has basically established seven industrial bases of household electric appliances and electronics, petrochemicals, automobiles and locomotives, ship and ocean engineering, textile and clothing, foods and beverages, and machinery and steel. The output of household electric refrigerator and color TV take up 1/5 and 1/10 respectively of the total national output. In 2009, added value of the industrial enterprises above the designated scale was 233.8 billion yuan, up 14.9%; the proportion between light and heavy industry was 42.75:57.25; the capital maintenance and increment ratio reached 129.9%, and sales ratio was 97.7%. Total industrial output value of the industrial enterprises above the designated scale was 952 billion yuan, hi-tech industrial output value rose by 15.4%, taking up 46.5% of that of the industrial enterprises above the designated scale, and industrial output value of the seven industries rose by 15.3%, taking up 84.5% of that of the industrial enterprises above the designated scale.

  Qingdao’s service industry develops rapidly. Centering on establishing the industrial structure focused on service economy, Qingdao tightly combines modern service industry development with private economy development, with international industry transfer, with brand economy development, with urban planning & construction administration and with system & mechanism reform so as to plan and construct a group of service industry gathering zones, to promote the establishment of a group of service industry key projects and key enterprises, to make great efforts to cultivate a group of service industry famous brands, to make efforts to improve the life service industry, strengthen the productive service industry and foster the new service industry, to keep expanding the scale, improving the structure, giving full play to the characteristics and consolidating the position, and to upgrade “made in Qingdao” with “Qingdao services”. The ratio of the added value of the service industry to the city’s total output rises by over 1% every year. In 2009, added value of service industry exceeded 200 billion yuan, reaching 221 billion yuan, up 12.5%; the total volume of retail sales for social customer goods reached 174.4 billion yuan, up 19.1%.

  With prosperously developed financial industry, Qingdao is the most foreign bank-intensive city with complete varieties of financial institutions in Shandong Province. It has 42 banking institutions including 11 foreign commercial banks, and is building a financial cluster and a regional wealth management center. By the end of 2009, the deposit balance in Chinese and foreign currencies in financial institutions reached 650.5 billion yuan, 162 billion yuan higher than the level at the beginning of the year, in particular, savings deposit of residents was 258.4 billion yuan, an increase of 41.1 billion yuan compared with the level at the beginning of the year. Loan balance in Chinese and foreign currencies stood at 526.9 billion yuan, 120.6 billion yuan higher than the level at the beginning of the year. Qingdao has 49 securities and futures institutions. There are 15 domestically listed companies (issuing 15 stocks) and 7 oversea listed companies (issuing 8 stocks). Qingdao also has 45 insurance institutions, and realized 11.5 billion yuan in premium revenue.

  Qingdao’s brand economy is world-famous. Tsingtao Brewery Co., Ltd., founded in 1903, is the earliest beer productive enterprise in China, with its export amount over 50% of the total Chinese amount. Since the 1980s, Qingdao has been making great efforts to implement famous brand strategy, and has gradually developed a group of well-known enterprises and brands, such as Haier, Hisense and Doublestar. After entering into the new century, brand economy has developed towards the direction of high technology and industrial clustering. Six enterprises have been ranked among Chinese top 500 brands. Haier Group has ranked 1st for eight consecutive years among them and ranks 1st among all brands of the industry in the world in terms of the market share of refrigerators and that of washing machines. Qingdao has two world-famous Chinese brands, 69 nationally-famous products and 53 nationally-famous trademarks. Five of its enterprises have won the national award for quality control. The industrial added value of famous brand enterprises takes up about 50% of that of the enterprises above the designated scale. Brand economy has pushed Qingdao to develop in the direction of brand city. Qingdao was successively cited as “capital of Chinese brands” and “top ten brand cities in China”.

 [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] 

Related Stories

Photos

Sponsor:Information Office of Shandong Provincial People’s Government